SALVAJES
Digesting Europe Piece By Piece

18. august – 13. oktober 2012

 

 Scroll down for English version

 

Jonathas de Andrade (BRA), Alberto Borea (PER), Nanna Debois Buhl (DK), Luis Camnitzer (UR), Gabriel Dawe (MEX), DETEXT (ESP), Jeannette Ehlers (DK), Manuela Viera-Gallo (CHI), Ricardo Gonzales (MEX/USA), Claudia Joskowicz (BOL), Runo Lagomarsino (ARG/SE), Lui Mokrzycki (DK), Carlos Motta (COL), Tulió Pinto (ARG), Wilfredo Prieto (CUB), Miguel Angel Rios (ARG) og Melanie Smith(UK).

SALVAJES – Digesting Europe Piece by Piece er med deltagelse af 17 latinamerikanske og europæiske kunstnere Traneudstillingens største gruppe udstilling nogensinde. Via en udvekslende kunstnerisk dialog mellem Europa og Latinamerika – i både historiske og nutidige perspektiver – sætter udstillingen fokus på kulturel identitet forankret til Latinamerika.

“Tupí or not Tupí, that’s the question” (Oswald de Andrade, 1928)

SALVAJES- Digesting Europe Piece by Piece tager et litterært udgangspunkt i den brasilianske modernistiske digter og polemiker Oswald de Andrades berømte manifest Manifesto Antropófago fra 1928 – også kendt som det kannibalistiske manifest. Som en analogi af Shakespeares ikoniske sætning “To be or not to be, that’s the question”, omskriver Andrade Shakespeares linje til en fejring af Tupí-folket – en af de oprindelige etniske brasilianske stammer, der praktiseres visse former for rituel kannibalisme.

I manifestet anvender Oswald de Andrade gentagne gange begrebet ”kulturel kannibalisme”, hvormed han symbolsk hentyder til Brasilien og hele Latinamerikas evne til at “kannibalisere” de mange bosættende kulturer – primært europæiske – ved at fortære, fordøje og absorbere disse indtryk og derefter inkorporere dem i deres egen nationale kulturtraditioner. Ved at sige: “Vi spiser Shakespeare og spytte ham ud”, stiller Andrade således spørgsmålstegn ved de dominerende dualiteter mellem civiliserede/barbarer, moderne/primitive og originale/afledte. Disse spørgsmål stilles tilsvarende til udstillingens publikum og udfordrer således deres egen personlige opfattelse af Latinamerika.

Titel SALVAJES – som på engelsk betyder ”savages” og på dansk kan oversættes til “de vilde” – refererer til den stereotype og nedsættende beskrivelse af det præ-koloniale Latinamerikanske samfund som vild og uciviliseret. Som et resultat af kontinentets lange historie af vold, diktatorisk undertrykkelse og fattigdom er etiketten ”vilde” blevet kulturelt indlejret i denne marginaliserede repræsentation af kontinentet. Men med vor tids seneste udvikling i den globale økonomi, hvor flere latinamerikanske landes økonomi blomstrer, mens Europa stadig bekæmper recession og finansiel krise- synes nye diskurser at kunne bane vejen for retænkninger af de sociale, økonomiske, politiske og kulturelle perspektiver på det Latinamerikanske kontinent.

Gennem en bred repræsentation af både fotografi, maleri, skulptur, video, performance og stedsspecifik installation udfolder SALVAJES – Digesting Europe Piece by Piece sig i krydsfeltet mellem Oswald de Andrades kulturelle kannibalisme, vildskabens stereotypi, den interkontinentale relation til Europa og Latinamerikas stadige kamp for kulturel og kunstnerisk selvstændighed.

Udstillingen er tilrettelagt som et internationalt kuratorisk samarbejde mellem Traneudstillingen og den argentinske New York-baserede kurator Guillermo Creus, som har grundlagt den kuratoriske platformen www.fortresstosolitude.com.

Udstillingen er støttet af Statens Kunstfond og Gentofte Kommune

////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////

SALVAJES – Digesting Europe Piece by Piece is a collaboration between Fortress to Solitude Curatorial and Traneudstillingen Exhibition Space, exhibiting 17 artists from Latin America and Europe whose works revolve around inter-colonial relationships, cultural identity, and the past and present dominant power structures rooted in Latin America.

“Tupi or not tupi, that is the question”  (Oswald de Andrade, 1928)

In 1928, the Brazilian modernist poet and polemicist Oswald de Andrade wrote the Manifesto Antropófago – known in English as the Cannibalistic Manifesto. Andrade playfully transformed Shakespeare’s iconic line, “To be or not to be, that is the question”, into a celebration of the Tupi – one of the original ethnic Brazilian tribes that practiced forms of ritual cannibalism. But he also created an ironic and humorous metaphor for the (post)-colonial cultural cannibalism. For Oswald de Andrade “primitivism” appeared as a sign of the critical digestion of the other. He used the concept of “cultural cannibalism” to argue on the existence of the historical tradition of devouring, digesting and absorbing cultural impressions from settling cultures, adapting their strengths and incorporating them into the native self. When he wrote; “We eat Shakespeare and spit him out”, de Andrade aimed to challenge the dominant dualities between civilization/barbarism, modern/primitive, and original/derivative.

Extending the reach of the term for the purpose of this exhibition, cultural cannibalism describes how for decades Latin America has been absorbing the shifting culturally imposed discourses and spitting out its own re-interpreted cultural and artistic production. It also speaks of the paradigm, by artists from Latin America, for the creation of a culture that is universal, cosmopolitan and contemporary in its language, but still Latin American in its essence.

SALVAJES – meaning “the savages” – is an immediate reference to the stereotypical and derogative description of primitive societies in pre-colonial Latin America as uncivilized. As a result of the continent’s long history of violence, deprivation, oppression, exploitation, and poverty, the label of “salvajes” has been culturally embedded in this marginalizing representation of the continent. But the title also seeks to – as in the line of Oswald de Andrade – ironically challenge the audience.

In this context SALVAJES – Digesting Europe Piece by Piece unfolds various intersections between Oswald de Andrade’s historic concept of cultural cannibalism and Latin America’s present and ongoing struggle for cultural autonomy. With more recent developments in the global economy – including the economic resurgence of many Latin American countries juxtaposed with the ongoing financial crisis in Europe – new discourses of social, economical, political and cultural content are also being shaped and formed.

Participating artists are: Jonathas de Andrade (BRA), Alberto Borea (PER), Nanna Debois Buhl (DK), Luis Camnitzer (UR), Gabriel Dawe (MEX), DETEXT (ESP), Jeannette Ehlers (DK), Manuela Viera-Gallo (CHI), Ricardo Gonzales (MEX/USA), Claudia Joskowicz (BOL), Runo Lagomarsino (ARG/SE), Lui Mokrzycki (DK), Carlos Motta (COL), Tulió Pinto (ARG), Wilfredo Prieto (CUB), Miguel Angel Rios (ARG) and Melanie Smith(UK).

The exhibition is a collaboration between New York-based Argentinean curator Guillermo Creus – founder of the online platform Fortress to Solitude www.fortresstosolitude.com  – and Aukje Lepoutre Ravn – art historian, curator and director of Traneudstillingen Exhibition Space.

The exhibition is supported by The Danish Arts Council